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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-27

Temporalis fascia graft versus composite graft in chronic suppurative otitis media with subtotal and total perforations


Department of ENT, ASRAM Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manas Ranjan Rout
Department of ENT, ASRAM Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/indianjotol.INDIANJOTOL_62_17

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Introduction: Temporalis fascia graft is the most commonly used graft material for reconstruction of the tympanic membrane in chronic suppurative otitis media. However, the success rate is low in case of subtotal and total perforations. We have used both cartilage and the temporalis fascia for the repair with greater success. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of the study was to compare the result of temporalis fascia graft and composite graft (temporalis fascia and cartilage) in the repair of subtotal and total perforation of tympanic membrane with respect to graft take-up rate and hearing improvement. Materials and Methods: A total of 300 patients were selected for the study. One hundred and fifty cases we used only temporalis fascia (tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia graft [TTG] group) and another 150 cases both temporalis fascia and cartilage (Composite graft, tympanoplasty with composite graft [TCG] group) were used. The result was assessed after 6 months of surgery. Results: Graft take-up rate in TTG group is 82.67% and in TCG group is 95.34%. More remnant and re-perforations were found in TTG group. It was found that, in TTG group out of 124 patients, hearings improved in 104 patients (83.87%), remain same in 15 patients (12.09%), and deteriorated in 5 patients (4.032%). In TCG group out of 143 patients, hearings improved in 116 patients (81.118%), remain same in 19 patients (15.322%), and deteriorated in 8 patients (6.451%). Discussion and Conclusion: Composite graft is a better graft in comparison to temporalis fascia graft for the repair of the subtotal and total perforation.


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