Home Ahead of print Instructions Contacts
About us Current issue Submit article Advertise  
Editorial board Archives Subscribe Login   

 Table of Contents  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-300

Siegalization with oto-endoscopy

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Date of Web Publication13-Oct-2016

Correspondence Address:
Raman Rajagopalan
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Lembah Pantai 50603, Kuala Lumpur
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.192189

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Chong AW, Rajagopalan R. Siegalization with oto-endoscopy. Indian J Otol 2016;22:299-300

How to cite this URL:
Chong AW, Rajagopalan R. Siegalization with oto-endoscopy. Indian J Otol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Aug 1];22:299-300. Available from: https://www.indianjotol.org/text.asp?2016/22/4/299/192189


Siegalization is integral to a complete otology examination. Traditionally, it is done with Siegel's pneumatic speculum holder (with ×2.5 magnification) with a pneumatic bulb attached or, a pneumatic otoscope (×2.0 magnification).

Recent advances in the form of the oto-endoscope provide the ability to view "close-up" on the tympanic membrane as it allows for "zooming" to the desired magnification and viewed on a monitor. However, testing of the mobility of the tympanic membrane (siegalization) can no longer be done due to the lack of a good seal. To overcome the above difficulty, we suggest the following method.

Equipment required are: (1) An endoscope; (2) an appropriate size ear-tip (used in impedance tympanometry); (3) pneumatic bulb; (4) a custom-made blunted trocar (the trocar may be made out from a metal spinal needle or using the inner metal cannula of a large bore brannula [with the sharp needle-end blunted by lathing]); alternatively, a Schuknecht tip suction catheter, with the "thumb-control" sealed off by taping, can be used. The trocar is then slightly bent at 30° - 45° at the proximal end for ease of attachment of the pneumatic bulb [Figure 1]. It is assembled as shown in [Figure 2]. These requirements are usually available in a majority of ENT outpatient clinic.
Figure 1: Components required: (1) Pneumatic bulb, (2) impedance tympanometry ear tip, and (3) a blunted trocar

Click here to view
Figure 2: The assembled unit with endoscope and camera system attached

Click here to view

The entire assembly can be safely and comfortably inserted and advanced through the meatus along the external auditory canal. The scope can further be advanced to the desired length of up to 1.5-2.0 cm through the opening of the ear tip to better visualize the "distant" tympanic membrane (any adjustments of the desired length should be done before passing the scope into the canal). The soft-seal "cushion" provided by the ear tip also acts a "steadying" device in keeping the image of the tympanic membrane in the center of the monitor and away from the canal wall.

This assembly allows a tight seal in the ear canal for siegalization, while also providing a magnified view of the tympanic membrane (by using a camera system) on a monitor which allows the entire procedure and finding (s) to be video-recorded. Other benefit includes allowing students, trainees, and patients to visualize the entire examination.

Impedance audiometry ear-tips are user-friendly and are readily available in most ENT set-ups. They are reusable - being easily cleaned and sterilized, and inexpensive.

This assembly can also be used as a training tool for novices and trainees to familiarize themselves in using the oto-endoscope and performing siegalization with it while avoiding trauma to the external ear canal.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded138    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal