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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203-207

Impact of climate on bacteriology of chronic suppurative otitis media without cholesteatoma

1 Department of ENT, Asilo Hospital, Mapusa, Goa, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa, India
3 Department of ENT, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa, India
4 Department of ENT, Subbaiah Medical College, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surender Kumar
Department of ENT, Asilo Hospital, Mapusa - 403 507, Goa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.187986

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Introduction: Climate change with global warming is concerning humanity of the various effect of this change in temperature and humidity, there is a distinct possibility of change in bacteriology of chronic suppurative otitis media with change in the climate parameters. Aims: The objective of this study is to evaluate effect of climate on bacteriology of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media without cholesteatoma in various seasons. Methods: Assesement of type and incidence of different bacterias in four different seasons in one year was carried out in 202 patients and their sensitivity was assessed to commonly available antibiotics. Results: The study found that annually Staphylococcus aureus had highest incidence followed by Pseudomonas. On study of organisms according to seasons, Pseudomonas had a higher incidence than other organisms during monsoon season. Conclusion: Staphylococcus aureus is the most common isolate in other seasons while Pseudomonas aerugenosa is most common during the monsoon season. Therefore, it is recommended that during monsoon season (June - September), empirical treatment should be started with antibiotics sensitive to Pseudomonas while in other seasons treatment can be continued with antibiotics sensitive to Staphylococcus.

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