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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 157-161

Current bacteriological profile of chronic suppurative otitis media in a tertiary facility of Northern Nigeria

1 Department of ENT, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State, Nigeria
2 Department of Biological Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Jamiu Kazeem
Department of ENT, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.187979

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Aims: The aim of the study was to re-evaluate the current bacteriological profile of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and the sensitivity pattern to most of the currently available antibiotics in our environment. Settings and Design: This is a hospital-based, correctional study among CSOM patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 380 aural swabs were obtained from patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM. These swabs were cultured for microbial flora. Drugs susceptibility testing was conducted using Kirby–Bauer disc diffusion methods. Statistical Analysis Used: The result was expressed in percentages to investigate the common cause of CSOM, age distribution, and the sensitivity pattern using standard statistical method. Results: The most common bacteriologic organism isolated was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (31.55) while the least common was Streptococcus pneumoniae (0.5%). Antimicrobial profile of the organisms revealed maximum sensitivity (83–100%) to levofloxacin. Conclusions: The bacteriological agent of CSOM has not changed significantly. However, there is a gradual decline in their sensitivity pattern. Slightly different from what is known; levofloxacin stood out as the most sensitive agent in this study.

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