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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-87

Effects of the preoperative anxiety and depression on the postoperative pain in ear, nose and throat surgery

1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Turkey
2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Emine Elif Altuntas
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, 58140- Sivas
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.100721

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Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders can be widespread among patients who are being treated in surgical clinics and they can affect operation outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the level of their anxiety and depression in the preoperative period and the pain level in the postoperative period, analgesic requirement, development of complications and the duration of hospital stay in patients followed up in an ENT clinic. Materials and Methods : One hundred and three (n=103) subjects [male = 56 (%54), female = 47 (%45.6)] filled out the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, sociodemographic data evaluation form before the surgery. Postsurgical pain levels of the subjects were evaluated by the Visual Pain Scale. The analgesic requirements of the subjects were assessed and their duration of hospital stay was noted. Results: While the presence of preoperative anxiety was a predictor of postoperative pain, such a relationship was not found between depression and postoperative pain. On the Visual Pain Scale, it was observed that the anxiety levels were moderately correlated with the Visual Pain Scale assessments on the first day of postoperative period (r = 0.30, P < 0.00). Frequency of analgesic use and Visual Pain Scale assessments on the second day of postoperative period were negatively correlated (r = -0.43, P< 0.000). Conclusion: For elective conditions requiring short-term hospitalization in ENT surgery, presence of preoperative anxiety seems to be a significant predictor of postoperative pain.

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