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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 85-91

Effect of musical training on masking paradigm

1 Department of Audiology, All Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Tele Centre for Persons with Communication Disorder, All Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
N Devi
Lecturer in Audiology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru - 570 006, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.182280

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Background: Musicians outperform nonmusicians on brainstem and cortical level processing. However, there are limited literature comparing musicians and nonmusicians on the overall release of masking abilities and correlation across otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), masking level difference (MLD) and quick speech-in-noise (Quick-SIN). Aim: To investigate the physiological differences between musicians and nonmusicians by evaluating the effect of musical training on contralateral suppression (CAS) of OAE, MLD, and Quick-SIN. Materials and Methods: Distortion product OAEs (DPOAEs) recording with and without noise, MLD test using continuous (CMLD) and pulsating pure tones (PMLD) and Quick-SIN in Kannada were carried out on 15 musicians and 15 nonmusicians. Results: Musicians outperformed nonmusicians on Quick-SIN and CAS of OAEs. However, no significant difference was observed between two groups on CMLD and PMLD. There was a significant difference observed in CMLD, PMLD as well as suppression amplitude across frequencies tested in both groups. A significant difference between PMLD and CMLD was observed only for musicians at 2 kHz. In both groups, there was a significant level of correlation for CAS of DPOAE and Quick-SIN with CMLD and with PMLD between the parameters tested. Conclusion: The results of our finding suggest that CAS of DPOAE and Quick-SIN are sensitive tools to quantify the effect of musical training, compared to MLD. Musical training helps to strengthen afferent and efferent pathways, and hence it aids in speech perception abilities in noise. Hence, for the intervention of individuals with difficulties in speech perception in noise, musical training can be a choice to be considered. As well for appropriate diagnosis and interpretation, one needs to consider the musical experience of individual tested.

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