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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33-36

Piston diameter in stapes surgery. Does it have a bearing?

Department of Otolaryngology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Naresh Kumar Panda
Department of Otolaryngology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.129813

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Aims and Objectives: This prospective randomized controlled trial was done to study the effect of piston diameter on hearing outcomes after stapedotomy. Materials and Methods: All the patients diagnosed to have otosclerosis were included in the study. A total of 52 patients were studied ranging in age from 18 to 50 years. The subjects were randomized into two groups, that is, 0.4 mm piston (group A) and 0.6 mm piston (group B). The subjects were taken up for small fenestra stapedotomy using either a 0.4 or 0.6 mm piston. The main outcome measures were hearing improvement, air-bone gap closure, and overclosure of air-bone gap. Results: There was no statistical difference in hearing improvement in two different piston diameters, 0.4 and 0.6 mm at speech frequencies. In group A, the air-bone gap improvement in the third follow-up was not significant (P > 0.05), whereas group B showed a statistically significant improvement (P = 0.003). The mean overclosure of air-bone gap was better in patients with 0.4 mm piston at speech frequencies and also at 250 Hz. Significantly, overclosure of air-bone gap at higher frequencies (4 and 8 KHz) was seen only with a smaller sized piston. (0.4 mm). Discussion: We analyzed the effect of piston diameter on the hearing results after small fenestra stapedotomy by using similar surgical procedure and similar prosthesis in all patients. Conclusion: There is evidence to suggest that 0.4 mm piston may be better suited for providing optimum hearing results.

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